Daniel 9: 24 - 27: Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Daniel chapter nine describes seventy weeks of years (490 years) for the Jews and Jerusalem.
The going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem was given by the Persian King Artaxerxes Longimanus to Nehemiah in B.C. 444.
Forty-nine years (seven weeks) were spent in the rebuilding of Jerusalem which had been sacked by the Babylonians in B.C. 588. Jerusalem was rebuilt during troublous times, for Sanballat and Tobiah opposed the construction.
Luke 3: 21 - 22: Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.
Jesus’ anointing as the beloved Son (Messiah the Prince) happened 434 years (62 weeks) after the completion of Jerusalem.
7 weeks (to rebuild Jerusalem) + 62 weeks (to Jesus’ baptism) = 69 weeks.
Jesus’ public ministry was 3 ½ years; He was then “cut off” at Calvary, concluding the first half of the 70th week.
The last 3 ½ years of the 70th week will be during the Tribulation when the two Jewish prophets (Revelation 11: 3) reveal Christ to the 144,000 Jews.